Sunnyside Royal Hospital was a psychiatric hospital located in Hillside, north of Montrose, Scotland. The hospital was founded in 1781 by Susan Carnegie as the Montrose Lunatic Asylum, Infirmary & Dispensary and obtained a Royal Charter in 1810. The original building was situated on the Montrose Links on a site bounded by Barrack Road, Ferry Road and Garrison Road.

In 1834, the Governors of the asylum, carrying out the wishes of Mrs Carnegie (who had strongly advocated the appointment of a medical specialist in insanity) appointed the phrenologist William A.F. Browne as medical superintendent. Browne was to prove an inspired choice and an energetic and resourceful leader. He regarded public education as part of his duties, and gave a series of lectures which became enormously popular and influential. In 1837, five lectures were published together under the title What Asylums Were, Are and Ought To Be; this book came to the attention of the Dumfries philanthropist Elizabeth Crichton. She travelled to Montrose, interviewed Browne and offered him the equivalent post at the Crichton Royal in Dumfries. Crichton offered Browne a raise from £150 to £350 per annum. Browne was succeeded at Montrose by Richard Poole, an early psychiatric historian, and, later, by Dr James Howden, who identified cases of pellagra in the asylum.

In 1858, a new improved asylum was completed to the north of Montrose in the village of Hillside on lands of the farm of Sunnyside and the old site was vacated. This site was further developed with the construction of a new facility for private patients called Carnegie House in 1899. Despite this addition, overcrowding was a problem, as the asylum’s patient numbers had grown to 670 by 1900. This situation required additional building work to be undertaken. Consequently, two new buildings – Howden Villa (1901) and Northesk Villa (1904)- were added to the facility. Additional staff were required to care for the additional patients and the Westmount Cottages were built in 1905 to house them. In 1911 the lease of Sunnyside Farm finally expired and over 52 acres were purchased for the sum of £4500. A further development was the addition of Angus House, which was built in 1939 to accommodate elderly patients suffering from dementia.

In 1948, the National Health Service 1946 (Scotland) Act brought the hospital under control of the Eastern Regional Hospital Board. Its name was changed from the Royal Asylum of Montrose to the Royal Mental Hospital of Montrose. In 1962 it became Sunnyside Royal Hospital and came under the jurisdiction of new management. During the 1950s and 1960s, the introduction of new drugs lessened the need for prolonged admission of patients. In addition, the Mental Health (Scotland) Act of 1960 also significantly altered legislation in respect of mental illness and reduced the grounds on which someone could be detained in a mental hospital.

The site was officially closed in late 2011 and most patients were sent to a new £20 million build at Stracathro Hospital, (also in Angus)- the Susan Carnegie Centre. Others were placed in the community. Sunnyside was open for 230 years before its closure, and was the oldest psychiatric hospital in Scotland.


  • Karen, December 12, 2023 @ 11:21

    I have an ancestor, Sophia Cruickshanks, who died in the asylum in 1872 aged just 34, having been admitted in 1868. She was buried at Montrose’s Rosehill Cemetery but I haven’t been able to pinpoint the plot. Some communal pauper’s grave, I imagine. It would be interesting to find out more about life in the asylum. The building exterior looks very foreboding.

  • Fiona, October 28, 2022 @ 00:17

    Hi June Casey, Can you give any details about your grandfather (Name, Birth, Years at Sunnyside Hospital etc.) to help research his burial. Thanks Fiona

  • june casey, October 25, 2022 @ 16:20

    Trying to find out if my grandfather who died in a Montrose Asylum would be buried and how to locate grave. June.

  • tumbles, July 31, 2020 @ 09:20

    Its under redevelopment now, best avoided.

  • Hector Murray, July 30, 2020 @ 17:15

    are all the buildings fenced off?

  • Yvonne, September 3, 2019 @ 19:13

    My great grandmother died we think in Sunnyside Hospital, she is buried at Sunnyhillock cemetery in a communal grave, the Angus Council have been so amazing with my constant e mails about finding where about my great granny Dolina Christina Sutherland Bain is buried.
    She died six months after her only child, a son died at only 50 years of age.
    Mental health issues, post natal depression and indeed thyroid issues were most likely the reason for her being an inmate at Sunnyside.
    Dolina’s husband Donald, my great grandfather paid for her upkeep and the hospital kept him informed of how she was.
    Life was very different in the 40’s & 50’s, people know don’t know life without electricity, mobile phones, cars and it was really difficult to get someone signed out of hospital.
    If anybody reads this post and knows of anyone who has photos or stories of Sunnyside please contact me, put Dolina’s name on the e mail. Thank you.

  • tumbles, September 30, 2018 @ 10:06

    Yes. But fenced off now.

  • Paige Patterson, August 27, 2018 @ 01:59

    Is this still here ???

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.